This pen is probably more super glue than wood. The walnut sapwood was so flaky you could crumble it with your fingers. I liked the look of the grain so much I did whatever I could to preserve it. While the pen was still in rectangle blank form I soaked it with super glue. It sucked it up like water in a sponge. After a few moments of sizzling and smoking I added another dose of super glue which again was soaked up in a hurry. I had a big chunk fly off while turning and was very lucky to find it in a huge pile of shavings. This was by far the hardest pen I have made so far, but it looks very cool. Miranda snatched it up in a hurry.